William Morris Archive

POETRY

MORRIS' EARLY POEMS

Before The Defense of Guenevere, with a checklist of Poems and Prose

Introductory Materials

MANUSCRIPTS

The Defence of Guenevere

The Life and Death of Jason

Tales Omitted from The Earthy Paradise

    The Earthly Paradise

    • Introductions
    • Editions & Printed Books
    • Manuscripts
    • Supplementary Materials
      • Criticism
        • Walter Pater, Westminster Review
        • Alfred Austin, Temple Bar
        • G. A. Simcox, Academy
        • Spectator, unsigned
        • Sidney Colvin, Academy
        • G. W. Cox, Edinburgh Review
        • Westminster Review, unsigned
        • Riegel, Julius. Die Quellen von William Morris' Dichtung The Earthly Paradise, 1890.Victorian Reviews and Criticism
      • More Recent Criticism
        • Balch, Dennis, "'The Lovers of Gudrun,' Sigurd the Volsung, and The House of the Wolfings: Three Chapters in a Tale of the Individual and the Tribe," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977. [pdf format]
        • Boos, Florence S. "The Structure of Morris's Tales for the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine," Victorian Periodicals Review, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring, 1987), pp. 2-12
        • Boos, Florence. "Sources for Morris's 'Wanderers' Prologue.'" American Notes and Queries 22.5-6 (1984): 73-78.
        • Boos, Florence. "Ten Journeys to the Venusberg: Morris' Drafts for The Hill of Venus" Victorian Poetry, Vol. 39 (Winter,2001): 597-616.
        • Calhoun, Blue. "Pastoral: The Mood of Idleness," 61-62 and "The Four Seasons of Man and Soceity: The General Sructure and Volume I, " 117-128; "The Burning Days of Mid-summer Suns: Volume II," in The Pastoral Vision of William Morris. U Georgia: Athens, 1975, 146-77.
        • Ellison, Ruth C. "'The Undying Glory of Dreams': William Morris and 'The Northland of Old,'" Victorian Poetry, ed. M. Bradbury and D. Palmer. London: E. Arnold, 1972, 138-75.
        • Ellison, Ruth. "An Unpublished Poem by William Morris," English (Autumn, 1964): 100-102.
        • Faulkner, Peter. "The Story of Alcestis in William Morris and Ted Hughes,"JWMS 16/23 (2005): 56-79.
        • Goodwin, Kenneth. "Unpublished Lyrics of William Morris." Yearbook of English Studies 5(1975): 190-206.
        • Hodgson, Amanda. "'The Highest Poetry': Epic Narrative in The Earthly Paradise and Idylls of the King," Victorian Poetry (1996): 341-54.
        • Julian, Linda. "Laxdaela Saga and 'The Lovers of Gudrun': Morris' Poetic Vision." Victorian Poetry(1996): 355-71.
        • Latham, David. "Paradise Lost: Morris's Re-writing of The Earthly Paradise." Journal of Pre-Raphelite Studies 1.1 (Part 1): 67-76.
        • Litzenberg, Karl. "Allusions to the Elder Edda in the 'Non-Norse Poems of William Morris." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-37): 17-24.
        • Litzenberg, Karl. "Tyrfing into Excalibur? A Note on William Morris's Unfinished Poem, 'In Arthur's House'," Scandinavian Studies 15 (1938-39): 81-83.
        • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-36): 33-39.
        • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus 53(1946): 48-55.
        • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Liteature: A Bibliographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies 13(1933-35): 93-105.
        • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris's Treatment of Greek Legend in The Earthly Paradise." Texas University Studies in English 33 (1954): 103-18.
        • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and Gesta Romanorum." Studies in Language, Literature, and Culture of the Middle Ages and Later. Ed. E. B. Atwood. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969, 367-81.
        • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Laxdaela Saga." Texas Studies in Language and Literature5(1963): 422-37.
        • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Poetry of Escape." Nineteenth Century Studies. Ed. H. Davies, William DeVane, and R. C. Bald. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1940, 247-76.
        • McGann, Jerome. "The Beauty of the Medusa." Studies in Romanticism 11.1(1972): 3-25.
        • Morris, May. "Narrative Poetry: The Earthly Paradise" and "Workshop Notes." William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1936, vol. 1, 396-440.
        • Oberg, Charlotte, "The Role of the Hero," chapter II, A Pagan Prophet: William Morris, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.
        • ---------. "Conclusion." Ibid.
        • Riegel, Julius. Die Quellen von William Morris' Dichtung The Earthly Paradise. Erlangen & Leipzig. A. Deichert'sche Verlagsbuchh. Nachf. (Gerog Böhme), 1890.
        • Silver, Carole. "The Earthly Paradise: Lost." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 27-42.
        • Strode, Elizabeth. "The Crisis of The Earthly Paradise: Morris and Keats." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 71-81.
        • Wahl, John Robert. "The Mood of Energy and the Mood of Idleness: A Note on The Earthly Paradise." English Studies in Africa 2.1 (1959): 90-9
      • Illustrations & Drawings
      • Sources & Bibliography
        • Sources
          • Apollonius Rhodius. The Argonautica. New York: Macmillan Co., 1912. Loeb Classical Library.
            Apuleius, The Metamorphoses or Golden Ass, trans. H. E. Butler. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910.
          • “The Mountain of Venus,” Sabine Baring-Gould, Curious Myths of the Middle Ages. London, Oxford, and Cambridge: Rivingtons, 1866, 196-208.
          • “The Terrestrial Paradise,” Sabine Baring-Gould, Curious Myths of the Middle Ages. London, Oxford and Cambridge: Rivingtons, 1866, 229-241.
          • Boccaccio, Giovanni.The Decameron. Trans. Richard Aldington. London: J. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1930.
          • Bollandus, Joannes and Henscheim, Godefidus. Acta Sanctorum . . . . Paris: V. Palme, 1863. Tom. 4.
          • Browning, Robert. The Works of Robert Browning, with intro. by F. G. Kenyon. 10 vols. London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1912.
          • Carlyle, Thomas. Past and Present. London: Chapman and Hall, 1843.
          • Caxton, William, trans. The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye, Written in French by Raoul Lefevre. Ed. H. Oskar Sommer, vol. 1. London: D. Nutt, 1894. 2 vols.
          • Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. N. Robinson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1933.
          • Dasent, George Webbe. Popular Tales from the Norse. Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglass, 1854. (Translations from the Norske folkeventry collected by MM. Asbjornsen and Moe).
          • Froissart, Sir John. Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the adjoining Countries. . . . Trans. Thomas Johnes. 2 vols. London: William Smith, 1848.
          • Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. German Popular Stories. Trans. By Edgar Taylor from Kinder und Haus Marchen, collected by M. G. from the oral tradition. 2 vols. London: C. Baldwin, 1823.
          • Herodotus, trans. George Rawlinson. The Greek Historians. Ed. Francis R. Godolphin. Vol. 1. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1893.
          • Irving, Washington. The Life and Voyages of  Christopher Columbus. New York: Burt, 1902.
          • Keats, John. The Poems of John Keats. Ed. Miriam Allott. London: Longmans, 1970.
          • Kingsley, Charles.  Andromeda, and Other Poems. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1858.
          • Kingsley, Charles.  The Heroes; or Greek Fairy Tales.  2nd edition. Cambridge and London: Macmillan and Co., 1859.
          • Lane, Edward William, trans. The Arabian Nights’ Entertainments. London: C. Knight and Co., 1841. 3 vols.
          • Lemprière, John. A Classical Dictionary. . . . A new edition, revised Rev. T. Smith. London: T. Allman, 1847.
          • Magnússon, Magnus and Hermann Pálsson, Laxdaela Saga, trans. with an introduction. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1969.
          • Mallet, P. H. Northern Antiquities: or a description of the manners, customs, religions and laws of the ancient Danes and other Northern Nations. . . . Trans. from new ed. Revised by J. A. Blackwell. London: 1847: Bohn’s Antiquarian Library.
          • Mandeville, John. The Voiage and Travaile of Sir John Maundeville. Ed.  J. O. Halliwell. London: E. Lumley, 1839.
          • Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. Frank Justus Miller. London: Heinemann, 1929.  2 vols.  Loeb Classical Library.
          • Rossetti, Dante G. Poems. London: F. S. Ellis, 1870.
          • Schlauch, Margaret, trans. The Saga of the Volsungs; The Saga of Ragnar Lodbroktogether with the Lay of Kraka. New York:  Norton, 1930. Scandinavian Classics, vol. 35.
          • Sturluson, Snorre. Heimskringla. The Olaf Sagas. Trans. Samuel Laing. 3 vols. London: Longmans, 1844. Rpt.  London: J.  M. Dent, 1915.
          • Tennyson, Alfred. The Poems of Tennyson.  Ed. Christopher Ricks.  London: Longmans, 1969.
          • Thorpe, Benjamin. Northern Mythology. 3 vols. London: Edward Lumley, 1851.
          • Thorpe, Benjamin. Yule-Tide Stories.  A Collection of Scandinavian and North German Popular Tales and Traditions. London: n. p. 1888.
          • Tressan, Auszug von. Corps d’extraits de Romans de Chevaerie. Vol. 2. Paris, 1782.
          • De Varagine, Jacobus. The Golden Legend or Lives of the Saints, as Englished by William Caxton. Intro. F. S. Ellis. London: J. M. Dent, 1900. 7 vols.
          • William of Malmesbury. Chronicle of the Kings of England. Ed. J. A. Giles. London: Bohn’s Antiquarian Library, 1847.
        • Bibliography
          • Austin, Alfred. Temple Bar, November 1869, no. 27, 45-51.
          • anon., Spectator, unsigned. March 1870, no. 43, 332-4.
          • anon., Westminster Review, unsigned. April 1871, 95, 581.
          • Balch, Dennis, "'The Lovers of Gudrun,' Sigurd the Volsung, and The House of the Wolfings: Three Chapters in a Tale of the Individual and the Tribe," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977. [pdf format]
          • Boos, Florence S. "The Structure of Morris's Tales for the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine," Victorian Periodicals Review, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring, 1987), pp. 2-12
          • Boos, Florence. "Sources for Morris's 'Wanderers' Prologue.'" American Notes and Queries 22.5-6 (1984): 73-78.
          • Boos, Florence. "Ten Journeys to the Venusberg: Morris' Drafts for The Hill of VenusVictorian Poetry, Vol. 39 (Winter,2001): 597-616.
          • Calhoun, Blue. "Pastoral: The Mood of Idleness," 61-62 and "The Four Seasons of Man and Society: The General Structure and Volume I, " 117-128; "The Burning Days of Mid-summer Suns: Volume II," in The Pastoral Vision of William Morris. U Georgia: Athens, 1975, 146-77.
          • Colvin, Sidney, Academy, December 1870, no. 2, 57-8.
          • Cox, G. W., Edinburgh Review, January 1871, no. 133, 243-66.
          • Ellison, Ruth C. "'The Undying Glory of Dreams': William Morris and 'The Northland of Old,'" Victorian Poetry, ed. M. Bradbury and D. Palmer. London: E. Arnold, 1972, 138-75.
          • Ellison, Ruth. "An Unpublished Poem by William Morris," English (Autumn, 1964): 100-102
          • Faulkner, Peter. "The Story of Alcestis in William Morris and Ted Hughes,"JWMS 16/23 (2005): 56-79.
          • Goodwin, Kenneth. "Unpublished Lyrics of William Morris." Yearbook of English Studies 5(1975): 190-206.
          • Hodgson, Amanda. "'The Highest Poetry': Epic Narrative in The Earthly Paradise and Idylls of the King," Victorian Poetry (1996): 341-54.
          • Julian, Linda. "Laxdaela Saga and 'The Lovers of Gudrun': Morris' Poetic Vision." Victorian Poetry (1996): 355-71.
          • Latham, David. "Paradise Lost: Morris's Re-writing of The Earthly Paradise." Journal of Pre-Raphelite Studies 1.1 (Part 1): 67-76.
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "Allusions to the Elder Edda in the 'Non-Norse Poems of William Morris." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-37): 17-24.
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76." Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1933. Chapter 3.4 The Fostering of Aslaug 229-244 [pdf]Chapter 3.5 The Lovers of Gudrun245-275 [pdf]
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "Tyrfing into Excalibur? A Note on William Morris's Unfinished Poem, 'In Arthur's House'," Scandinavian Studies 15 (1938-39): 81-83.
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-36): 33-39.
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus 53(1946): 48-55.
          • Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Liteature: A Bibliographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies 13(1933-35): 93-105.
          • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris's Treatment of Greek Legend in The Earthly Paradise." Texas University Studies in English 33 (1954): 103-18.
          • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and Gesta Romanorum.Studies in Language, Literature, and Culture of the Middle Ages and Later. Ed. E. B. Atwood. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969, 367-81.
          • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Laxdaela Saga." Texas Studies in Language and Literature 5(1963): 422-37.
          • Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Poetry of Escape." Nineteenth Century Studies. Ed. H. Davies, William DeVane, and R. C. Bald. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1940, 247-76.
          • McGann, Jerome. "The Beauty of the Medusa." Studies in Romanticism 11.1(1972): 3-25.
          • Morris, May. "Narrative Poetry: The Earthly Paradise" and "Workshop Notes." William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1936, vol. 1, 396-440.
          • Oberg, Charlotte, "The Role of the Hero," chapter II, A Pagan Prophet: William Morris, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.
          • ---------. "Conclusion." Ibid.
          • Pater, Walter. Westminster Review October 1868, xc, 300-312 pdf version
          • G. A. Simcox, Academy, February 1870, i, 121-2.
          • Silver, Carole. "The Earthly Paradise: Lost." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 27-42.
          • Strode, Elizabeth. "The Crisis of The Earthly Paradise: Morris and Keats." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 71-81.
          • Wahl, John Robert. "The Mood of Energy and the Mood of Idleness: A Note on The Earthly Paradise." English Studies in Africa 2.1 (1959): 90-97.

    Love is Enough

    Sigurd The Volsung

      Poems by the Way

      Pilgrims of Hope

      LIST OF POEMS 

      PROSE 

      Early Prose Romances

      The House of the Wolfings

      The Roots of the Mountains

      A Dream of John Ball

      A King's Lesson

      News from Nowhere

      The Story of the Glittering Plain

      The Wood Beyond the World

      The Well at the World's End

      The Water of the Wondrous Isles

      The Sundering Flood

      The Novel on Blue Paper

      Unfinished Romances

      NONFICTION

      Icelandic Materials

      Essays

      Supplementary

      TRANSLATIONS

      Old French

      Old and Middle English

      Classical Greek and Latin

      Old Icelandic

      DRAMA

      The Tables Turned

      BOOK ARTS

      The Kelmscott Press

      The Book that Never Was: Designs for an Illustrated Earthly Paradise

       Calligraphy

      Morris's Library

      Edward Burne-Jones Illustrations

      Poems Printed in Periodicals

      • Title page of The Oxford and Cambridge MagazineJanuary 1, 1856, Oxford and Cambridge Magazine, see "Early Poems" and "Early Romances."
      • The God of the Poor," Fortnightly Review 4, n. s., (1 August 1868), 139-45. ("There was a lord that hight Maltete,") Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "The Two Sides of the River," Fortnightly Review 4, n. s. (October 1868), 379-82. ("O winter, o white winter, wert thou gone"). Published in Poems by the Way
      • "Hapless Love," Good Words 10 (1 April 1869), 264-65. ("Why do you sadly go alone")
      • "On the Edge of the Wilderness," Fortnightly Review 5 n. s. (April 1869), 391-94. (Whence comest thou, and where goest thou?"). Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "The Death of Paris," Every Saturday 8 (13 November 1869), 625-30.
      • “Rhyme Slayeth Shame” ( If as I come unto her she might hear, / If words might reach her when away I go, ), Atlantic Monthly, 25/198, February 1870, 144.
      • "May Grown A-Cold," Atlantic Monthly 25/151 (1 May, 1870), 553.
      • "Dark Wood," Fortnightly Review, February 1871, 219-20. ("Upon an eve I sat me down and wept") Included in the 1870 "A Book of Verse"; published in Poems by the Way as "Error and Loss," CW, 9, 108.
      • "The Seasons," The Academy (1 February 1871), 109.
      • "The King of Denmark's Sons," Scribner's Monthly 5.3 (January 1873), 294-97. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "Love's Gleaning Tide," Athenaeum, no. 2424 (11 April 1874), 492. ("Draw not away thy hands, my love,") Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "The First Foray of Aristomenes," Athenaeum, no. 2533 (13 May 1876), 663-64. ("On toiled the sons of the exiles up the steep,")
      • "The Three Seekers," To-Day 1.1 n. s. (January 1884), 25-29. ("There met three knights on the woodland way,") Published inPoems by the Way.
      • "The Hall and the Wood," English Illustrated Magazine (February 1890), 351-54. ("'Twas in the water-dwindling tide") Published in Poems by the Way.
      • “Meeting in Winter” (Winter in the world it is / Round about the unhoped kiss), a song from "The Story of Orpheus and Eurydice," The English Illustrated Magazine, March 1884, 339-40. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "The Voice of Toil," Justice 1.12 (5 April 1884), 5. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "All for the Cause," Justice 1.14 (19 April 1884), 5. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "No Master," Justice, 1.21 (7 June 1884), 5.
      • "The March of the Workers," Commonweal 1.1 (February 1885), 4; 1.2 (March 1885).
      • "The Message of the March Wind," Commonweal, March 1885 1.2. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "Untitled Verse," Commonweal 4.119 (21 April 1888). ("Lo when we wade the tangled wood")
      • "The Burghers' Battle," The Athenaeum (16 June 1888), 761. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "May Day," Justice, 30 April 1892. ("O Earth, once again cometh Spring to deliver")
      • "Mine and Thine," Commonweal 5.164 (2 November 1889), 67. Published in Poems by the Way.
      • "The Day of Days," The Humane Review, July 1890; Time, November 1890. Reprinted in Poems by the Way.
      • "The New Year," The Artist 13 (January 1892), 3.
      • "May Day, 1894," Justice 11.538 (5 May 1894), 1.
      • "The Days That Were," Eclectic Magazine 68.6, n. s. (December 1898), 785. (poem used as an epigraph for The House of the Wolfings)

      Prose Printed in Periodicals

      Morris and the Book Arts Bibliography

      RESOURCES

      Manuscripts

      Periodicals

      Criticism

      Indices

      Sitemap

      Titles

      Poems

      LISTS OF POEMS

      Prose

      Nonfiction: Diaries and Essays

      ICELANDIC MATERIALS

      ESSAYS

      Translations

      OLD FRENCH

      OLD AND MIDDLE ENGLISH

      CLASSICAL GREEK AND LATIN

      OLD ICELANDIC

      Drama

      Morris & The Book Arts

      FEATURED EXHIBITS

      Morris & The Kelmscott Press: 125th Anniversary

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      Map of Morris Manuscripts

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